Since the 1970s, robots have successfully performed repetitive tasks where the value proposition was improving the rate of production, reducing labor costs, ensuring quality, and addressing ergonomics. During the next ten years, you will see robots perform duties similar to those they handled over the past 40 years, but with an important difference. The environment where robots will perform their tasks will be dramatically different. These robots will collaborate with humans on the factory floor. Such robots, referred to as cobots, will require superior sensitivity for human safety, perception to work in unstructured environments, and a user interface for frequent human interaction.