From election meddling and disinformation to celebrity revenge porn, a form of AI known as “Deep Fakes” have conjured the fears of global regulators. Twelve bills introduced in the US Congress would ban or regulate it and the Trump Administration tagged it for future export control action. But what is it, why is it so controversial, and are there any redeeming use cases? In fact, the technology behind Deep Fakes has the power to improve medical diagnosis, help astronomers map the stars, improve autonomous vehicle safety, and even save civilian lives in war. It might also hold the key for democracies competing on AI development with other powers.
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